JEWISH LIFE OF THE SCHOOL

Introduction

King David High School attracts almost all of the potential Jewish pupils in the area. Most pupils in King David are of other faiths but it is critical to the future of the School that the Jewish ethos of the School is maintained and indeed strengthened.

Important days in the Jewish year are marked across the Campus and there are many visitors to the School who are involved with the Jewish world generally, or with Israel in particular. The School charities, Jewish and non-Jewish, are a reflection of the dual nature of King David High - a unique school - a Jewish school - with the majority of the pupils from other faiths.

Within the community, King David High School is regarded as vital in the Jewish education of the future generations.

It is not simply the formal education process in general Judaism, Bar and Bat Mitzvah Studies, Jewish History or GCSE and A-level courses, but also the sympathetic transmission of the "golden chain" of Jewish tradition. Thus, subjects covered in School are often important in the longer time span, e.g. the significance of Shabbat, Kashrut, festival observance, identification positively as being part of the Jewish family, Israel etc.

Prayer within Judaism is formalised as the morning (Shacharit), afternoon (Mincha) and evening (Ma'ariv) services. It is vital that students gain "hands on" experience of prayer - there is a compulsory Shacharit service each week. There is also a complement of services held on a voluntary basis. Collective worship is a feature for all pupils with assemblies and reflection in Ready to Learn.

Jewish Services are held on Wednesdays and Fridays at 8:30.

The balance of the School Curriculum is obviously heavily influenced by the fact that both Jewish Studies and Modern Hebrew are essential and compulsory components of a Jewish pupil's programme, the former to the end of KS4, and the latter to the end of KS3.

Where possible other departments are encouraged to included aspects of Jewish life or culture to their SoWs such as Holocaust studies in History, Judaism in RE or Israel in Geography.

Each year, a number of Year 9 pupils go to Kibbutz Lavi, which is in the heart of the Lower Galillee Region, for an extended residential “Keshet Scheme run by the Centre for Educational Tourism in Israel”.

There are also a series of visits planned for pupils across all year groups in association with various agencies in order to extend and deepen the students’ understanding of their Jewish roots. Informal activities are also offered at lunchtime such as Israel club.

House System

Pupils are assigned a tutor group on entry to the High School which forms the House system.

The tutor groups are named after four regions of Israel and the school badge has a different colour depending on which house a pupil is assigned to.

The four houses are:

7G – Galil, a very fertile region of Israel. Therefore the colour is green.

7K – Kinneret, the Hebrew word for the Sea of Galilee. Therefore the colour is blue.

7N – Negev, the desert in Southern Israel. Therefore the colour is yellow.

7S – Sharon, he wine growing region of Israel. Therefore the colour is red.

Services

All Jewish pupils from Year 7 to 13 should be strongly encouraged to attend and take an active part in Jewish Services. Apart from festivals where times may vary, these take place at 8.30 on Wednesdays and Fridays in the Beth Knesset or in Jewish studies room 2.

A communal service (called a "minyan") requires a quorum of 10 males aged 13+ to take place. A full Jewish morning service takes place on one of the intermediate days of Sukkot, on Purim and also Yom Ha’Atzmaut. A register is taken on these occasions.

Pupils are encouraged to lead all sections of the School services, and to play their full part within this most essential area of Jewish community life.

School Trips

Before any trips involving Jewish pupils reach beyond initial planning, please consult Rabbi Pereira to ensure the trips are acceptable within Judaism, especially regarding the Jewish Calendar and kashrut provision.

Dietary Laws - Kashrut

All foods officially consumed on the premises must comply with the rules of kashrut. Therefore the school lunches, Food Technology classes, PA refreshments and so on are all offered under the rigorous and extensive controls of Jewish law, the Liverpool Kashrut Commission under the auspices of the London Beth Din..

This includes the complete separation of milk and meat foods and their derivatives and all the utensils that come into contact with them.

The main school kitchens is run as a "meat operation" and that means that no dairy foods can be served from it -All food consumed on the blue folding tables must be prepared in the School Kitchen and all trays, cutlery and crockery must not be taken out of the Atrium under any circumstances.

Apart from sandwiches bought in the canteen, no food should be taken out of the Dining Room to be consumed anywhere else in the school by any pupils or, indeed, staff. No cutlery or plates etc should be taken from the Atrium. No food or drink should be taken into the Atrium, unless designated areas.

The Food Technology room is a dairy kitchen and, again, is not an area where pupils or staff should eat any food not prepared there. It must be kept strictly kosher. No food or drink should be taken into the Food Technology room, except for pupils bringing ingredient under the supervision of the Food technology teacher. For students and staff, packed lunch must not include any meat, poultry, or shellfish. This includes the staffroom.

Food which is not officially provided cannot be guaranteed kosher, and so pupils bringing packed lunches must abide by the rules regarding kashrut. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES, HOWEVER, MAY IT BE BROUGHT INTO CONTACT WITH SCHOOL FOOD FACILITIES. For example, utensils cannot be borrowed from the Food Technology room for use at an end-of-term party where food has been brought into School by the participants.

In the Staffroom

All food stored in the Staffroom must be completely wrapped so that the kosher and non-kosher food can be stored side-by-side with impunity in the fridge, or cooked without steam and spills making the microwave non-kosher. If by any chance something does spill over, or a bag breaks, please do not just clean up, but inform Rabbi Pereira so that he can advise on the proper way of ensuring that the facilities remain useable by all staff.

ALL TRIPS THAT PROVIDE FOOD AS PART OF THE COST MUST PROVIDE FOOD THAT IS ACCEPTABLY KOSHER, AND BE ACCOMPANIED BY SOMEONE WHO IS SUFFICIENTLY QUALIFIED AND INFORMED TO CONFIRM THAT THIS IS SO. Pupils must not use "prepared food" facilities, e.g. cafes when on trips, and must not purchase any food or drink at all unless already ascertained as kosher and given permission by a teacher.

When, perhaps, giving an end of term treat, staff must ensure that all items, including confectionary, are kosher.

The Building

All doors (other than toilets and storerooms) will have a mezuzah fixed on the right-hand doorpost.This is a small case, about the size of an adult's finger, containing a scroll of parchment on which is written the creedal Jewish statement of God's Oneness and Unity, the responsibility to love God in all ways, the responsibility to educate children and the biblical commandment to "write these words on the doorposts of your house and upon your gates".

 

By the Campus reception is a room called the Tilly Rosenblatt Beit Knesset. This is the School's own small synagogue. While it is in no way "holy" or "consecrated", it is deserving of special respect and staff should ensure that Jewish boys have their heads respectfully covered.

Jewish boys are encouraged to wear their kippot at all times - it being compulsory within Judaism - and should also have their heads covered in Assembly and in the Dining Room, as well as in Jewish Studies and Modern Hebrew lessons. All members of staff should help to ensure that this school rule is observed like any other.

Regarding school clothes generally, Judaism regards modesty in dress as a great virtue. Sixth form female students sometimes wear clothing in summer which is not in keeping with this modesty - shorts, short skirts, bare midriffs and low-cut or revealing tops. A quiet word, diplomatically put, is usually enough to let these girls realise their apparel is not in keeping with the ethos of the School.

Calendar

The calendar of Judaism is thronged with festivals and commemorative days, and many of theseaffect the School in one way or another. Since the Jewish calendar is a lunar one (adjusted occasionally by a leap month) it is not easy to identify the pattern of the relationship between the dates of the Jewish festivals and the secular calendar, except in the most general terms. Certain festivals and Shabbat so thoroughly forbid workday activities that it becomes essential for the School to close. Such closures affect the term dates and holidays, since we are still bound to have 195 days in School.

Shabbat

Every week, the Jewish day starts at sunset, and so Shabbat starts on Friday evening at varying times throughout the year. In the winter, the fact that Shabbat starts so early on Friday necessitates School closing early and a specially compacted timetable is operated. Shabbat finishes at nightfall on Saturday night so that, for example, a theatre outing on Saturday night in the winter is not impossible. Any school trip which is planned to operate over Shabbat will produce very real, but not insurmountable challenges.

Rosh Hashana

Jewish New Year (two days in September). One of the High Holy Days. School normally finishes early on the eve of Rosh Hashana to allow adequate time for preparation. (Next day is the Fast of Gedaliah).

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement (one day in September/October). The tenth day of the year and the other High Holy Day. This is a full 25 hours of fasting, during which neither food nor drink is consumed. School finishes early on Kol Nidre, the eve of Yom Kippur. Jewish pupils will attend a special pre-fast afternoon service.

Sukkot

Festival of Booths (eight days in September/October). The first two days are full festival days on which the School will be closed. During this festival, the most evident practise is the waving of the four species (Lulav) and taking the opportunity to spend time in a sukka - a sort of open-roofed hut. On one of the days following School closure, School will start late to allow for the compulsory extended service. This is followed by Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, which are full festival days when the school is closed.

Simkhat Torah

The Celebration of the Torah. This is a tremendously joyous festival, and celebrates the never-ending cycle of the reading and learning from the Torah, the source and core of Jewish inspiration.

Because the festivals listed above mostly fall on the same days of the week as each other, the School operates a rolling timetable for some of the time to ensure that staff do not lose contact or continuity with their classes.

Chanukah

(Eight days in November/December.) Each day, School will finish early for the main feature of the festival - the lighting of the multi-branched Hannukiah, including the giant outdoor hannukiah, which is erected each year for this purpose at the front of the School. Special assemblies and other activities also take place.

Tu B'Shevat

The new year for trees (one day in January/February). Normally marked in School by an assembly for Year 7, and a tree-planting exercise in the School grounds.

Purim

(One day in March.) This is the main carnival day of the year. Fancy dress and charity-giving are encouraged. Hardly any proper lessons take place, and there is normally some kind of event put on by and for the pupils.

Pesach

Passover (eight days in March/April). The School will always close for Pesach. Most years it coincides with Easter but, when it does not, there will be a short Easter holiday and a Pesach holiday. The preparations for Pesach are extensive, and so any Pesach holiday will start a couple of days before the start of the festival. Technically, the middle four days of the festival are not as rigorously controlled as the first and last two days (as with Sukkot), but the additional food restrictions of Pesach in particular make it impossible for the School to open.

Yom Hashoah

Holocaust Memorial Day (one day in April). A special assembly is normally held to commemorate the day. All staff are urged to consider ways in which time could be given in their lessons to consider, even briefly, some aspect of the Holocaust within the context of their subject. For example, one year the Maths Department did some very thought-provoking work on the number 6 million.

Israel Independence Day

(One day in April/May). School will start late to allow time for the specially extended service which is followed by an Israeli-style breakfast for those who attend. During the day, some sort of celebration will take place.

The Omer

(49 days from Pesach to Shavuot.) This is traditionally a time of mourning and, with the exception of a few days during the period (e.g. Yom Ha'atzmaut, New Moon days), entertainment such as shows and concerts are not allowed. Advice should also be sought before any trips are planned.

Shavuot

Pentecost (two days in May/June). School will close on both days of Shavuot.

The Three Weeks

(July/August). This period of mourning for Jerusalem and the destroyed Temple starts with a minor fast and finishes with a major one - Tisha B'Av. This fast rarely falls during the school year but, when it does, the day's programme will necessarily reflect it. Once again, as during the Omer (above) no celebrations or entertainment of a musical or dramatic kind can take place during the Three Weeks. In addition, during the last nine days, meat is abstained from. Advice should also be sought before any trips are planned.